Although it may seem simple at first glance, what it means to own land in Alberta can be surprisingly complex. For example, legally speaking, the word “land” means more than simply the surface of the earth. It can extend to the air above the earth and the soil below it. People who purchase land actually purchase the surface rights to land, which do not typically include the mineral rights to what lies beneath the surface. In other circumstances, land can also include any buildings or other fixtures of the land. It can even refer to “strata” or slices of space in a building, as when we buy condos.